189. Great and Holy Friday Evening Matins – “The Lamentations Service”

Please find yourself a place to worship live-stream tonight. This is much too beautiful to miss – my favorite service of the year.

Is this a funeral service? Is this a resurrection service? The answers are: Yes!

We stand before the bier on which Christ is laid out before us. On the Epitaphion see His Body lying stone cold dead, with His blessed Mother and Joseph of Arimathaea and Nicodemus and the Holy Women and often even holy angels mourning. We join in singing Lamentations over Him.

Below is a portion of the third stasis: “Every generation to thy tomb comes grieving to sing its hymn of praise to thee, O Savior.” – a hymn greatly beloved by Orthodox.

This follows an ancient Mediterranean custom of women singing laments at peoples’ deaths.

When you can get to church again, listen carefully and notice: Throughout these long Lamentations over Christ, the words of lament are put not in our mouths, but in the mouth of His Mother. The Orthodox Church does not focus much on Christ’s suffering, great as it was. For deep down even at His lowest moment when it felt to Him like His Father had forsaken Him, He knew what He was doing and what would be the outcome.

Rather tonight we focus on the lamentations of his Blessed Mother, for she did not know.

Have you ever considered what she went through? She suffered as no other mortal on earth has ever suffered. Not only was her only Son dead, but also she alone knew who her Son was – the Son of God come to save the world. And He has failed. They have destroyed Him. And so there is no hope for the world, no hope for mankind, no hope for anyone ever. Life may continue, but now in the end it will all come to nothing, only darkness and destruction in this world and the next – for God has failed! It was the ultimate horror. She alone, and all alone, knew what her Son’s death meant. There was no one who knew, and so no one who could comfort her. Even her Son’s disciples had turned away in doubt and fear.

That poor dear blessed Woman! Truly “the Mother of Sorrows”, as Roman Catholics call her. Truly, as Elder Simeon had prophesied, “A sword will pierce your own heart also.”

But even in the Lamentations, there are words of hope for the coming Resurrection. And soon, very soon, she would not sorrow or lament: “The angel cried to the Woman full of grace: Rejoice, rejoice…your Son is risen from His three days in the tomb!” That is why we do not join her in her Lamentations. For we know: In the End if we have lived and died with Jesus, there will be nothing for us to lament, for her Son has risen victorious.

Late in the service, something happens which overwhelms me year after year. We all process out of the church following Christ’s Body laid out on the Epitaphion – as people usually still do at funerals. We become part of Christ’s funeral procession, and following His precious Body, we go out into the darkness, into death. Some Orthodox walk three times around the church. Then coming back into the church we all pass under the Epitaphion – one by one, yet all together – in symbol passing through death with Christ, each of us dies with Him.

In this procession of the Epitaphion we “act out” what happens when we die. We follow Christ into death – our death, His death – into the darkness, alone yet not alone.

And when we come out from under the Epitaphion, where do we find ourselves? In church, still in The Church. We are still alive. We are still with Him. We are still with each other. In this life we live with Christ in His Church. We die with Christ in His Church. And after we have “passed on” we are still in the Church. Through it all, essentially nothing has changed. Jesus Christ has conquered death and hell. He has broken down the boundaries between Heaven and earth. His Church is a supernatural community which encompasses Heaven and earth. All things in all worlds are One in Him.

Brothers and sisters, if you are with Jesus Christ, do not fear death. We pray for the “departed”, don’t we? our way of saying that when people die they have only gone on a journey. For “in my Father’s house there are many rooms…” and we pass from this room to the next. “I go to prepare a place for you, so that where I am, you may be also.” And that’s all there is to it.

At the very end, the Lamentations service becomes a celebration. Though His Resurrection on earth doesn’t come till tomorrow night, we now begin to celebrate Christ’s victory over hell and death. Tomorrow morning we will celebrate the first Divine Liturgy of the Resurrection – actually of Christ’s triumph “down below”. Christ has now descended into hell, hades, the “underworld”, sheol, that “lower dimension”, the dark place of the dead. One translation calls it “the land where all things are forgotten”, where the dead from all times were held captive by Satan and where he intended that they finally fade into nothingness.

But no more. Now Christ is driving Satan crazy, rescuing the dead of all times – past, present, future – leading them up into the light, into life again. We will see that tomorrow nigh, and then for the next Forty Days, in our Paschal icon. Below we anticipate a little, so we can see it now.

At the end of tonight’s service, in the Old Testament reading (Ezekiel 37:1-14) the question is “Can these bones live?” Ezekiel was asked that about the “bones” of Israel, their nation laid level by the Babylonians. But our question is about real bones, Christ’s bones. Can He rise again? And our bones. Can we be raised again from death? The answer in all three cases is Yes! Yes! Yes!

Yes – We believe not only in a bodiless spiritual afterlife, but “I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come.”  Christ said, Christ promised that at the Last Day all who lie in the graves will rise. At the End, all good things will be raised again and restored. “A new Heaven and a new Earth.” John wrote, “We will be like Him”, like Jesus Christ risen from the dead.

So already in tonight’s Epistle (1 Corinthians 5:6-8) we begin the celebration: “Christ, our Passover has been sacrificed for us. Therefore, let us keep the Feast.” We can’t wait…

But then quickly, we return to the Tomb (Matthew 27:62-66) with a great stone still sealing the door, and we wait just a little while longer. We sing this hymn (normally a Sunday Troparion) about what is yet to come on earth:

When thou didst descend to death, O Life Immortal, thou didst slay hell with the splendor of thy Godhead: and when from the depths thou didst raise the dead, all the powers of heaven cried out: O Giver of Life, Christ our God, glory to thee!

Tomorrow morning: First Divine Liturgy of Pascha – Christ’s Victory over Hades

Tomorrow night: GREAT AND HOLY PASCHA!  The Resurrection

2 thoughts on “189. Great and Holy Friday Evening Matins – “The Lamentations Service”

  1. Father Bill,
    Bless you for sharing this.

    Not being an Orthodox, I had no idea of the beauty of your Pascha Liturgy. Actually, I have never been to an Orthodox Church.

    For the last three years, I have only read orthodox books, particularly the wisdom of the Fathers, and the lives of ascetics.
    But, your description of what actually is re-enacted, the truth and fullness……I am lost for words.

    1. “Lost for words”is why the center of Orthodoxy is our worship, which transcends words. Not that words aren’t essential, but “Orthodoxia” means “correct praise” i.e. right worship. However when you get to an Orthodox worship service, you will find MANY words. Services here take often twice as long as they do in Western churches. I described what I find the most meaningful parts of the Lamentations, but the service itself takes well over two hours. Be prepared!

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