And we do mean newly-revealed. At least by my (old man’s) standards.
from Greek City Times
It began in the year 1959, on the Greek island of Lesvos (also known as Mytilene). The Martyr Raphael appeared in a dream to the priest of the village of Thermi, identified himself, then began to tell him his story – how he and others had been martyred there by the Turks on Bright Tuesday, 1463, which fell that year on April 9. This was the beginning of many appearances to many people, and the revelation of the full story.
First the background. For as long as anyone could remember, on Bright Tuesday the villagers had gone to a nearby hill to pray, some accounts say to celebrate a Divine Liturgy. Nobody knew why. (In the Old World, people often hang onto old customs like this, even if they don’t understand them. We’re not so wise over here.)
There were ruins of a building there, and also vague memories of a monastery once having been there, but that was all. Shepherds and occasionally village people, even Turks, also told of seeing a monk walking up there from time to time, and some reported the faint sound of bells and the smell of incense. During the Ottomann occupation, the local Turkish authorities even conducted an investigation, but finally gave it up since there seemed to be no explanation.
Finally in the year 1959 a pious layman of the village, Angelos Rallis, decided to build a chapel there. In the process of excavating they discovered human bones. Mr Rallis, thinking they might be relics of some sort, had the man in charge of the excavations, one Doukas Tsolakis, put them carefully in a sack. Some accounts say that noises came from within the sack, and a sweet fragrance. One of the workmen, a non-believer, gave the sack a kick, and his leg suddenly went numb. The priest was called to say Trisagion Prayers over the bones. The evening before, he wondered what name he should use as he conducted the prayers – and that night Saint Raphael made his first appearance. The first of many.
And now the even more startling part of the story began. Father Raphael not only identified himself but began to reveal the full story of his life and death. He had been Igumen (abbot) of the little monastery there. And not only his life but also of those who had been martyred with him: the Deacon Nicholas, the young girl Irene and others.
But soon the stories didn’t depend on him alone. Saints Nicholas and Irene also began appearing to many inhabitants of Lesvos in dreams and apparently sometimes while they were awake! and told their stories in full detail. The final confirmation came when the graves were excavated, to reveal the three martyrs with their relics bearing the marks of their dreadful martyrdoms, just as they had described them.
from Ilias Strachinis (at Researchgate)
Their story, briefly: Raphael had been born about 1410 on the island of Ithaca, off the west coast of Greece, baptized with the name George, the name Raphael given him when he became a monk. He was ordained to the priesthood, had served in Athens, spent time studying in France, where he met the Deacon Nicholas, a native of Thessaloniki, who followed him to the island of Thrace. In 1453 the Great City Constantinople fell to the Turks, and then in 1454 so did Thrace. Father Raphael and Deacon Nicholas fled to Lesvos, just off the west coast of Turkey, and settled in the Monastery of the Theotokos.
In 1462, the Turks invaded and conquered Lesvos. For a while they left the monastery alone, but then a year later it began. Irene was the twelve year old daughter of the village mayor Basil and his wife Maria. The three of them ran to the monastery to warn them that Turkish soldiers were on the way. And then… and remember that this was an assault not on Greek soldiers but on unarmed civilians.
If you have a weak stomach, you may wish to skip over the italics.
The Turkish soldiers cut off one of Irene’s arms and drove long nails into her skull and body, as her parents looked on, then put her in a large clay pot, lit a fire beneath it and let her suffocate to death. After her parents had witnessed this, the Turks killed them as well.
Saint Raphael was then tied to a walnut tree upside down and his head cut off, not in the usual way but through his jaws.
Saint Nicholas, who had witnessed all this, also was tied upside down to a walnut tree and tortured, during which his heart gave out and he died.
Raphael’s relics were uncovered on June 13, 1960, his jaw located somewhat away from his skull. His engolpion (a metal image of the Pantocrator, which hung on a chain about his neck) was discovered near his bones.
Irene’s grave and the clay cask were unearthed on May 12, 1961. .
Nicholas’ relics were found somewhat later.
Also the relics of martyred nuns were found, including the Abbess Olympia. Also martyred were the village schoolmaster Theodore and Eleni, the fifteen year old cousin of Irene.
All this was exactly according to the description and directions given by the three Martyrs in their appearances.
Some years later the monastery itself was destroyed by pirates. Excavations uncovered its ruins, with frescoes on the walls and tile floors.
Though the entire story had been forgotten, the villagers never forgot to go to the hill every Bright Tuesday
The three martyrs even revealed how they had looked before their deaths. This you can see for yourself in their icons, the original of which was “written” by a master iconographer Photios Kontoglou.
The story continues into our times. On the place of their martyrdom, a large monastery now exists, which receives thousands of pilgrims every year. Besides the relics of the saints and the catholicon (primary church) in honor of Saint Raphael, there is another church in honor of Saint Mary Magdalene, and also a building with thirty rooms for the nuns, two large guesthouses for pilgrims, and a museum. I read somewhere (can’t seem to document it now) that some nuns have come from many places in the world, sometimes after they also had visits from Saint Raphael.
There have, not surprisingly, been many reports of miracles. Here is one example: http://full-of-grace-and-truth.blogspot.com/
These Martyrs were formally recognized as saints by the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1970.
Holy Martyrs Raphael, Nicholas, Irene and those with you, pray to Christ our God to save our souls.
If you want to know more of the story (and there is much more), you might read Dr Constantine Cavarnos’ “Modern Orthodox Saints series: Saints Raphael, Nicholas, and Irene of Lesvos”, available from (where else?): https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0914744887/ref=dbs_a_def_rwt_bibl_vppi_i0amazon!
My account above was culled and condensed from Μοναστήρια της Ελλάδας, Full of Grace Blogspot, and the OCA website.
Some final thoughts about several things
1 Many here in the West (especially the Protestant West, whether liberal or evangelical) think the age of saints and miracles is long gone. Not with us it isn’t! God continues to create many saints among us, and through them a multitude of miracles. Do you know the very similar story of the Newly Revealed Martyr Ephraim of Nea Makri (near Athens)? In 1950 he revealed to a hermit nun his existence and the story and location of his relics – which were found as he had said. I read that he still appears to people from time to time.
We Orthodox are still right in the midst of the time of saints and miracles, which began when Jesus Christ became Incarnate and will continue till He returns in Glory.
2 But meanwhile, why does this seem to be chiefly an Old World phenomenon? Why are we (even apparently we Orthodox) in the “New World” so short of miracles? We can understand that in Western Europe, where they have pretty much given up on Christianity. But people on this side of the Atlantic have not. The United States, statistically at least, is still one of the most Christian countries in the world. So where are the miracles? I have a couple of guesses, but I’ll let you go first. Do you have any ideas? If so, please comment.
3 Off in another direction: Please do not confuse ordinary Turks with the Turkish government (or any people, as a whole, with their government) – though, as we know, people in any society can be riled up and misled by devious leaders, and in any society or religion there are people who are prone to hatred and violence. (Want me to give you some Christian examples?)
Please do not confuse Turks with other Muslims who historically (on the whole, certainly not always) have often been more tolerant of Christians. Take Saint John of Damascus. Nor are most Muslims today “out to get us”. (What we hear in the media today are the most extreme “newsworthy” examples of everything.) Look: Most people almost everywhere are just folks who want to live in peace. Take Muhammad, my pharmacist, who is a devout Muslim and a good man and the nicest guy imaginable. He wishes me “Merry Christmas”, and I wish him a “blessed Ramadan”, which he keeps very strictly and I don’t know how they handle it. A local Muslim restauranteur and I were talking about the terrible state of the world. He said, “But everything will be ok when Jesus returns”! Some years ago the Milwaukee Area Orthodox Churchwomen’s organization met for luncheons at a local Turkish restaurant, overcoming some of the Old World hatreds.
4 The Age of Persecution of Christians is certainly not over. We Christians in the modern West are blessed. Queen Elizabeth II is not following the example of her progenitor Queen Elizabeth I who kept beheading Roman Catholics and heretics. Christians in France no longer face the guillotine.
However, look at what has been done in recent times to Christians in the Middle East, from Turkey to Iran. Isis aside, who murdered everybody, take these examples:
The “Armenian genocide” * of the early Twentieth Century, when the Turks murdered well over a million people. They went after Syriac Christians also. Until recently, at least, they were destroying any evidence that Armenians and Syriac Christians ever existed in southeast Turkey.
- Thank God we finally have a President who calls it what it was.
The present Turkish Constitution formally protects religious freedom. But “quietly” the Turkish government is pushing the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch almost into the Bosphorus. In 1971 the only Orthodox institution of higher learning in Turkey, the Patriarchal school on Halki, was closed, and the Turkish government has never allowed it to re-open. There are occasional “popular” raids on churches. Just last year the great Orthodox church Hagia Sophia (which for a while was at least a museum) was turned back into a mosque. In Turkey (Asia Minor – once the very center of Orthodox Christianity, where most of our great Fathers lived) there are now probably only about 100,000 Christians left. *
by Rabe at Creative Commons
- see https://www.politico.com/news/2020/08/05/turkey-christians-hagia-sophia-392125
Within living memory, Iran had a small Christian minority. No more. In Iraq, Saddam Hussein (thug and despot that he was) protected the Christians. No more. The Assads (thugs and despots, as well) nevertheless have protected such Christians as remain in Syria. (Most Iraqi and Syrian Christians have fled, now.)
After the establishment of Israel in 1947, official Israeli statistics say that 531 Palestinian villages with their churches and mosques were destroyed – though Evangelical Christians there may operate freely, for reasons I think you know. In Palestine (including what is now Israel) the Christian population was 7.4 percent in 1947, and is now less than 2 percent.
Let’s go to northern Cyprus, which was taken over by the Turks in 1974 – and whose occupation is recognized as legal nowhere in the world. Here’s a picture of what’s going on there. Read the article below.
It can be argued that the reason for some of this persecution of Christians is more socio-political than religious. Nevertheless, persecution it is.
Some American Christians like to complain that we are being persecuted in this country. Really?! We have our own problems here, but external persecution is not one of them. (As I’ve said, I think the decline of Christianity in America is mostly our own fault.)
What we need to do is support our Christian brothers and sisters who are suffering actual persecution.
I commend to you “In Defense of Christians”, a “multi-denominational”, bi-partisan American organization which works to protect Middle Eastern Christians: https://indefenseofchristians.org/
Brothers and sisters, pray for our fellow Christians in the Middle East.
Next Week and Week after Next: Hmmm…. Time will tell.